Dublin Asylum Agreement

Indeed, the United Kingdom already has bilateral agreements with France and other countries: for this part, the Treaty of Le Touquet stipulates that an asylum application lodged with a British official carrying out border controls in a French port falls within the competence of France. I arrived in one European country, then moved to another country and applied for asylum there. Will my asylum application be accepted? If not, what should I do next? The European Commission is committed to reforming the Dublin Regulation. While the UK government decided not to choose it, proposals for a Dublin IV regulation were presented in 2016. These have proved controversial. A « corrective allocation mechanism » would be put in place as part of the plans. This means that asylum seekers would be automatically redistributed to another Member State if a country was faced with a disproportionate number of applications. Thus, the period (i.e. the six months before Germany has to return someone before being responsible for their asylum application) will only be reduced to zero if the asylum seeker receives a letter informing him that the suspension has been revoked.

It is easier to prove where the person has already been taken from irregular asylum seekers fingerprints or access under the EU`s Eurodac system. But this is not always the case and the UK will also lose access to Eurodac at the end of the year. The European Court of Human Rights in the case of M.S.S. v. Belgium and Greece, which on 21 January 2011 ruled that both the Greek and Belgian authorities had infringed the European Convention on Asylum Rights by applying EU asylum law and had been fined €6,000 and €30,000 respectively. [23] [24] [25] Voices have recently been raised calling for the imposition of harsher sanctions if similar cases of attempts to respect EU asylum law are to occur in the future. [26] Albert Sommerfeld: Where a country is responsible for processing an asylum application, its obligation is erased if the person concerned has left the territory of the Member States for a minimum period of three months. The applicant must prove that he has left the territory of the Member States. In this case, the Dublin rules apply again, so the result depends on the situation after the person`s second entry. Dublin III entered into force in July 2013 and contains sound procedures for the protection of asylum seekers and improves the efficiency of the system: while the Dublin system considers participating countries to be « safe », the Court of Justice and the European Court of Human Rights consider this presumption to be rebuttable, or when there is a systemic problem with a Member State`s asylum system (NS and SEP). or where there are problems for certain asylum seekers who present a real risk of torture or inhuman or degrading treatment (Tarakhel and CK). .

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