In 1992, President George H.W. Bush, along with 107 other heads of state, adopted a number of environmental agreements at the Rio Earth Summit in Brazil, including the UNFCCC framework, which is still in force today. The international treaty aims to prevent dangerous human interference in Earth`s climate systems in the long term. The Pact does not set greenhouse gas emission limits for each country and does not include enforcement mechanisms, but rather creates a framework for international negotiations on future agreements or protocols to set binding emission targets. Participating countries meet annually at a Conference of the Parties (COP) to assess their progress and continue discussions on how best to tackle climate change. National communication reports are often several hundred pages long and cover a country`s actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, as well as a description of its vulnerabilities and impacts to climate change.  National communications are prepared in accordance with guidelines agreed by the Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC. The Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), which form the basis of the Paris Agreement, are shorter and less detailed, but also follow a standardized structure and are subject to technical review by experts. The Paris Climate Change Conference was held from 30 November to 12 December 2015. This was the 21st meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP 21) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the 11th meeting of the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP 11).
Delegations from around 150 countries participated in negotiations on a new global and legally binding climate protection agreement. The agreement recognises the role of non-party stakeholders in the fight against climate change, including cities, other sub-national authorities, civil society, the private sector and others. However, it is important to remember that the Paris Agreement is not static. Instead, it is designed to boost countries` national efforts over time – meaning that current commitments are the ground, not the ceiling of climate ambitions. Much remains to be done – further reducing emissions by 2030 and 2050 – and the agreement provides the tools to achieve this. The Paris Agreement is the world`s first comprehensive climate agreement.  As part of its commitment to implement a coherent international policy, France has developed effective tools to integrate its climate ambitions into its development strategy. France was one of the countries that voluntarily agreed to present its SDG implementation strategy in 2016, less than a year after the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. he reaffirmed his vision of a climate policy integrated into the national sustainable development strategy. International climate negotiations are organized by the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The UNFCCC, adopted at the 1992 Earth Summit on the Stabilization of Greenhouse Gas Concentrations in the Atmosphere, entered into force in 1994, while in 1992 the Rio Declaration established the basic principles of intergovernmental environmental negotiations (a precautionary approach, the polluter pays principle, common but differentiated responsibilities).
The 32-page document provides a framework for global climate action, including climate change mitigation and adaptation, support for developing countries, as well as transparent reporting and strengthening of climate goals. .